ABA is Functional. Unique. Natural.
Here's a great process to create a FUN ABA goal:
1. ABA goals are functional. This means goals are chosen because they are of importance to the child and the child's ability to be a part of the community. That is, within the family, school, at the grocery store, etc.
Sam (not an actual client!) is doing really well with his preschool peers and the teachers are excited to move him up to Kindergarten. Our goal is to work on Kindergarten readiness skills: playing with toys in a functional manner, reading grade level words/letter sounds, and identifying numbers.
2. Each child is unique. The first thing we have to do is find the appropriate motivation. Children don't fit into cookie cutter therapy programs. Every child is UNIQUE and will prefer different activities, experiences, foods, or toys. Identify a few of these highly preferred things your child enjoys.
Sam is pretty good at playing with a variety of toys, but ABSOLUTELY LOVES vehicles. In fact, this is the first thing he runs to during free play time and will sit for 15 minutes and play with airplanes and firetrucks. Sam will also consistently and quickly finish worksheets when told that he can play with vehicles after work.
3. Natural. A lot of people think that ABA only occurs at the table, but it actually occurs everywhere. ABA therapists may have to begin skill building at a table, but they will quickly work on generalizing skills to the natural environment. We want the child to be able to use all of that wonderful knowledge in all environments.
Time to piece it together! For Sam, we made a parking lot and filled in the parking spots with "targets." Programs covered during his therapy time included:
- Receptive and Expressive identification of words and numbers (park the airplane in spot 11, what is parked in the spot that says "that")
- Multiple step instructions (grap the red train, fill it up at the gas station, and park it in spot 20)
- Block imitation from a model (Vehicles need gas to go! build a gas station pump that looks like mine!)
- Following instructions (Parking lots need stores! Go get the pile of blocks and build your favorite store)
- Receptive and Expressive Categories (where are the numbers/words/vehicles, what vehicle do you want?)
- Math, Counting (how many empty spots do we have left? How many more vehicles need spots?)
- Positional words (put the airplane on top of the store)
- Yes/no/not (is this a firetruck? find the airplane that is NOT yellow)
- Answering questions (the kids on this bus are hungry...where should they go?)
Remember: It's important for children to play and have fun while they learn!
Written by: Elizabeth Ginder, MSSW, BCBA
Social Stories are wonderful and fun visual aids to go over with your child before "spontaneous" or "out of the ordinary" events occur. Feel free to print and laminate the Halloween social story to read with your trick-or-treater this Halloween.
If you've had parent training classes with me, you should be well aware that I am not a fan of free access to screen time and electronics. I love using the ipad and other electronics in a therapeutic setting as a REINFORCER or just as fun materials to teach. I don't like to leave kids alone with these apps, but I love to sit with them and use the app as a therapy material.
1. Between the Lines - This is a great app full of videos, idioms, and social training exercises. A lot of my preteen kids, especially the ones that think flashcards of smiles and angry faces are "for little kids," enjoy 10-15 minutes on this app.
2. Moose Math - A lot of my kids DO NOT like to count! All those counting bears and assorted tiny, cute toys we find at the teacher stores are still not cutting it! Moose Math is a fun app that allows kids to explore counting through activities like sorting and counting fruit to make assorted juices!
3. Fun with Directions - This is a fun app to work on single and multi-step directions with kids!
Written by Elizabeth Gagliardi, MSSW, BCBS. Behavior Analyst and Owner of ABA-Interventions in Knoxville, TN. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org